January 11, 2023
Athens, 18 July 2014: (Translation of Press Release originally issued in Greek) – The recent decision of the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) to condemn Greece for the operation of a landfill within the National Marine Park of Zakynthos, did not come as a surprise. Rather, it was the sad result of unprecedented negligence for one of the most important ecological sites and tourist destinations in Greece.
The Court decision notes that Greece neglected to take measures to seal the overfull landfill site which is not functioning properly. On the contrary, responsible authorities allowed the landfill to continue operating without ensuring that it complied with European environmental legislation. For several years the landfill operated without the necessary permits and environmental conditions. In 2011 the authorities committed to restoring the site and preventing a landfill collapse, but instead the landfill operation license was renewed until 2015 in complete disregard of European regulations that apply to “Natura 2000” sites (EU protected areas). Greece failed to ensure that the landfill’s leachate and garbage will stop polluting the precious ecosystem. In March of 2014, the Region of Ionian Islands issued a decision to shut down the landfill. As expected, this last-minute action was not enough to prevent the Court from condemning Greece, as the country had been repeatedly warned to resolve this longstanding problem.
To this day, trucks unload garbage at the landfill. The national, regional and local levels of government have yet to propose any substantial solution for the island’s waste management. In essence, the government has showed no true concern for the protection of the most important nesting beach of the Caretta caretta sea turtle in the Mediterranean.
The Greek authorities are jeopardising both the survival of an endangered species and the sustainable development of Zakynthos. The negative publicity associated with this failure to meet basic international commitments undermines Greece`s environmental policy track record and the country’s reputation as a tourism destination.
Environmental organisations Archelon, MEDASSET, MOm and WWF Greece sadly note that our warnings that Greece would be condemned for incompliance were confirmed. We once again express deep concern that no measures have been taken to prevent an environmental disaster in the event of a landfill collapse. Even in the final hour, before the Court decision results in severe fines, the government should fulfill its obligations and duties. The operation of the landfill must officially be terminated and immediate action must be taken for the area’s restoration and the prevention of further environmental damage. In the meantime, an effective solution must be found for the sustainable management of the island’s waste.
Unfortunately, the government seems to be moving in the opposite direction. A draft bill submitted to the Greek Parliament on 22 July 2014, allows landfills within protected areas, while it is prohibited to construct a landfill at a distance smaller than 500-1000m from tourist establishments. Greek leaders seem to believe tourism infrastructure is in more need of protection than the unique Greek nature that is actually attracting tourists.
ARCHELON, Smaro Touliatou, +30 6944410001
MEDASSET, Kostis Grimanis, +30 210 3613572, 6972975477
MOm/Hellenic Society for the Study and Protection of the Monk seal, Vaggelis Paravas, +30 210-5222888
WWF Greece, Iasona Kantas, +30 210-3314893, +30 6971859632
1. The most recent interventions made by the environmental organisations regarding the landfill: January 2012, July 2012, August 2012, November 2012, April 2014, July 2014 (available in Greek).
2. The decision of the Court of Justice of the European Union is available here (in French or Greek). The related Press Release by the Court is available in English here.
3. Article 28 (14) of the new law “Environmental upgrading and private urban development – Sustainable development of settlements – Regulations for forest legislation” eliminates the 3rd case of Par. D of Article 7, Chapter D, of Joint Ministerial Decision No. 67659/9.12.2013 “Approval to amend the Special Framework for Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development for Tourism and its Strategic Environmental Impact Study” (Gov. Gazette B’ 3155).
4. Regulations for distances from landfills for tourism facilities are set out in the decisions:
A) Decision 177/1.2.2012 “Definition of functional and technical specifications and other terms and conditions for the creation of tourism accommodation complexes” (Gov. Gazette B’ 319), and
B) Decision 27715/29.11.2013 “Definition of functional and technical specifications and other terms and conditions for the licensing of self-catering accommodation” (Gov. Gazette B’ 3318).